https://ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/issue/feed Electronic Journal of University of Aden for Basic and Applied Sciences 2021-07-06T00:10:07+03:00 Prof. Dr. Khaled Saeed Alsweedi alsweedi@ejua.net Open Journal Systems https://ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/90 Front Cover 2021-06-28T21:16:56+03:00 Abdulrahman Ahmed Mohren admin@ejua.net 2021-06-28T20:49:38+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Abdulrahman Ahmed Mohren https://ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/91 A REVIEW ON SOME CULTIVATED AND NATIVE POISONOUS PLANTS IN ADEN GOVERNORATE, YEMEN 2021-07-06T00:10:07+03:00 Rawiya H. Alasbahi raalasbahi@yahoo.com Othman S. S. Al-Hawshabi a@a.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Plant poisoning is a health concern in many countries where plants are used either accidently, especially among children, or intentionally for purposes such as assassination, suicide, hunting, fishing and treating various diseases. Presently, despite the implementation of toxicology surveillance systems in many countries, plant poisoning continues to be a preventable cause of morbidity and mortality.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">In the Aden governorate of Yemen, there are no laws or regulations for the prevention of plant poisoning, despite the existence of several poisonous species in gardens, and as roadside trees planted by the local authority, or growing wildly in public areas. In addition, there is a lack of scientific studies on the risks of these poisonous plants. Therefore, we undertook this study, based on scientific review, to document and illustrate the botanical, geographical and toxicological characteristics of fourteen poisonous plants collected from different districts of Aden governorate.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The documented poisonous species (6 species) belong to Apocynaceae followed by Fabaceae (2 species), whereas Aristolochiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Dracaenaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Meliaceae, and Verbenaceae are represented by one species each. The toxic parts of the majority of studied poisonous species are the whole plant, latex, seeds, and fruits. Cardiotoxicity, cytotoxicity, gastrointestinal toxicity, and inflammation of skin and mucous membrane are the main clinical manifestations. They are caused by varying amounts of plant toxins such as cardiac glycosides in <em>Calotropis procera</em>, <em>Cryptostegia grandiflora</em>, <em>Nerium oleander</em> and <em>Thevetia peruviana</em>, and cytotoxic toxins such as toxalbumins in <em>Abrus precatorius</em> and <em>Ricinus communis</em>, aristolochic acids in <em>Aristolochia bracteolate</em>, and vinca alkaloids in <em>Catharanthus roseus</em>, as well as gastrointestinal toxins such as cucurbitacins in<em> Citrullus colocynthis</em>, and tannins in <em>Caesalpinia pulcherrima</em>. Inflammation of skin and mucous membrane is caused by calcium oxalate crystals in <em>Calotropis procera</em> latex, and soluble protein in <em>Cryptostegia grandiflora</em> latex. Moreover, <em>Azadirachta indica</em> caused a number of toxicities attributed partially to tetranortriterpenoids, while <em>Sansevieria trifasciata</em> toxicity was reported to be low.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The significance of this work is to promote the awareness among the local authority to take legal actions against plant poisoning. In addition, it provides the physicians with scientific information for the diagnosis and treatment of poisoning by some plants. It is hoped that this study motivates researchers to conduct further research on poisonous plants throughout Yemen.</p> 2021-06-28T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Rawiya H. Alasbahi, Othman S. S. Al-Hawshabi https://ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/92 IMPACT OF EDUCATION ON KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS AMONG MEDICAL AND TECHNICAL STUDENTS IN AL-AFAQ COLLEGE OF SCIENCE, SANA'A CITY, YEMEN. 2021-07-06T00:10:05+03:00 Nousiba L. Jaml n.jamel@su.edu.ye Hussein M. Kolaise a@a.com Amal J. Al-Farran a@a.com Hanan N. Serri a@a.com Ahmed A. Amer a@a.com Anas A. Tais a@a.com Abdalaziz Y. Yagowb a@a.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). . HIV is a sexually transmitted infection (STI), it suppress the immune system and interferes with the ability of body to fight against infection and disease. There's no cure for HIV/AIDS, but medications can dramatically slow the progression of the disease. These drugs have ability to reduce AIDS deaths in many developed nations. A number of knowledge, attitude, and practice studies conducted in different parts of world reveal widespread misconceptions about the disease among young people. Medical students are the budding doctors of tomorrow and have just entered the noble profession.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Thus, there is a need to assess impact of education on knowledge and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS among students. The results of this study showed that the education had an effect on the students who participating; It also helped increase knowledge and change misconceptions about the disease.</p> 2021-06-28T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Nousiba L. Jaml, Hussein M. Kolaise, Amal J. Al-Farran, Hanan N. Serri, Ahmed A. Amer, Anas A. Tais, Abdalaziz Y. Yagowb https://ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/93 EFFECTIVE FOR ENERGY IN HIGH SCRAPER BUILDINGS ( EXAMPLE: MAIN TOWER IN MAIN CITY – FRANKFORT , GERMANY) 2021-07-06T00:10:02+03:00 Rubaia Ali Bin Ali Mohammed ruba.myka@yandex.ru Hesham Hadi Al-Baiti hshmhadi24@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">This research reviews detailed study of an effective realistic energy buildings and examines as an example building "Main Tower " located in the Germany city of Maine-Frankfurt. The main objective of the research is to know how and which the kind of sources which a building "Main tower " derives its energy, as well as to display and absorb the methods used to activate the energy utilized to operate the tower.</p> <p>Perhaps the most distinctive thing in this building is its trendy and modernity. The company which owners the building attempted to use the latest technological science and knowledge expertise to construct the building, making it one of its few energy-saving buildings.</p> <p>The research was concluded by introducing the most important findings and recommendation.</p> 2021-06-28T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Rubaia Ali Bin Ali Mohammed, Hesham Hadi Al-Baiti https://ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/94 EFFECT OF HONEY ON BLOOD SUGAR LEVEL AND LIPIDS METABOLISM IN MALE RABBITS 2021-07-06T00:10:00+03:00 Ebtisam Yassin Shikoo ebtismshikoo@gmail.com Bakeel Fadhel Hussein Bakeel a@a.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The present work was done to investigate the ability of Yemeni Sider honey to ameliorate the level of blood sugar and lipid profile in rabbits. For this goal 36 rabbits were used, after adaptation period the animals were divided into 6 groups as follows: group 1 and 2 served as control, and other 4 groups were served as treatment groups. Metformin was used as comparison in alloxan –induced diabetic rabbits. After the end of experiment (day 27) our results showed stabilization of sugar level and lipid profile,cholesterol HDL, LDL and triglycerides. We concluded that the use of honey in addition to metformin is more effective and ability of this drug in dealing with the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats.</p> 2021-06-28T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ebtisam Yassin Shikoo, Bakeel Fadhel Hussein Bakeel