Electronic Journal of University of Aden for Basic and Applied Sciences https://ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA University of Aden en-US Electronic Journal of University of Aden for Basic and Applied Sciences 2708-0684 Front Cover https://ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/137 Abdulrahman Ahmed Mohren Copyright (c) 2022 Abdulrahman Ahmed Mohren https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-31 2022-03-31 3 1 OPTIMAL FORMULATIONS OF LOCAL FOODS TO ACHIEVE NUTRITIONAL ADEQUACY FOR 6-23-MONTH-OLD YEMENI CHILDREN https://ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/138 <p style="text-align: justify;">Nearly 4.5 million children under the age of five in Yemen suffer from acute malnutrition due to the high prices of imported baby food. Therefore, there is an urgent need to prepare and manufacture local foods of nutritious quality, cheap and available locally, to allow Yemeni families to feed their children and achieve public health. Six food mixtures (F1-F6) were prepared and manufactured from local field crops based on teff flour, rice, sorghum, wheat, sweet potatoes and lentils.<br>The formations (Mixers) were roasted to improve the nutritive nutritional value and sensory attribute of formulated recipes. The protein level was calculated, fat, carbohydrates and mineral in all mixers using of Percentages. All the formulations were evaluated for their acceptability by trained panelists using a five point hedonic scale. Although, many formulations were found to be organoleptically acceptable recording moderately to extremely like scores, generally formulations F3 (Teff (15%), lentils (6.5%), sweet potatoes (18.5%), white corn (10%), wheat (30%) and rice (20%).) and F4 (Teff (30%), lentils (10%), sweet potatoes (10%), white corn (25%), wheat (13%) and rice (12%) were highly acceptable by panelists and scored significantly (P &lt; 0.05) higher than the other formulated complementary foods. Their mean score ranged between 4.2 to 4.35 in terms of taste and general acceptability.</p> Nabil Q. M. Al-Hajj Abdullah Almikhlafy Mansour Ghalib Methaq Algabr Sallah A. Al-Hashedi Copyright (c) 2022 Nabil Q. M. Al-Hajj, Abdullah Almikhlafy, Mansour Ghalib, Methaq Algabr, Sallah A. Al-Hashedi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-31 2022-03-31 3 1 1 12 10.47372/ejua-ba.2022.1.138 KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF DENTAL STUDENTS TOWARDS HEPATITIS B INFECTION IN ADEN UNIVERSITY, YEMEN https://ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/139 <p style="text-align: justify;">Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major worldwide public health issue. The risk of exposure to HBV among healthcare workers (HCWs) is a major concern, especially among students in health professions. This is a cross-sectional survey, aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices toward HBV infection among dental students, using an administered questionnaire containing 2 sections. The first section for demographic characteristics and the second section contained 15 questions on knowledge of HBV (7 questions), attitude (3 questions), and practices (5 Questions) of HBV infection. Dental students in the third, fourth, and fifth years of Aden University were included in the study. Descriptive statistics like frequencies and proportions were used to summarize the data. A total of 308 dental students participated in the study. Of these, 50.3% were males and 49.7% were females.<br>A total of 77.2% of the students knew about the transmission and prevention of HBV infection. More than 75.0% of participants had a positive attitude towards preventive measures against HBV infection, and 78.2% of participants agreed that the HBV vaccine can prevent HBV infection. Only 0.97% of students were vaccinated against HBV infection and 53.9% of students knew about the postexposure treatment against HBV infection. The overall knowledge regarding HBV infection was found to be adequate among dental students. Dental students are at high risk of exposure to HBV infection owing to the low HBV vaccination rate. Therefore, dental students should be vaccinated prior to their entry into professional practices.</p> Mohamed Hasan Alsakaf Adel Jumaan Binsaad Copyright (c) 2022 Mohamed Hasan Alsakaf, Adel Jumaan Binsaad https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-31 2022-03-31 3 1 13 19 10.47372/ejua-ba.2022.1.139 MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR TWO GENERA OF MELHANIA (DOMBEYOIDEAE) AND STERCULIA (STERCULIOIDEAE) OF MALVACEAE SENSU LATO IN TOOR AL-BAHA DISTRICT, LAHEJ GOVERNORATE, YEMEN https://ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/140 <p style="text-align: justify;">The current study present morphological characteristics of the two genera Melhania (Dombeyoideae) and Sterculia (Sterculioideae) belong to family Malvaceae s.l., in Toor Al-Baha district, Lahej Governorate, Yemen, during August 2020 to January 2022, an introductory order deals with the most significant features of taxa within the family Malvaceae s.l., synonyms, local names, distribution in study area, in addition to an artificial key for separation between two sub-families of Malvaceae s.l. in studied area, and up-to-date nomenclature for all studied taxa are presented, by using modern classification of Sterculiaceae which referred to two sub-families are Dombeyoideae and Sterculioideae within family Malvaceae s.l. The genus of Melhania (Dombeyoideae) former within Sterculiaceae.<br>The present study a revision of morphological characteristics of two species grow native in the studied area are (M. muricata and S. africana). The vegetative and reproductive morphological characters proved that they are with high values in distinguishing between two sub-families (Dombeyoideae and Sterculioideae) and between two species are (Melhania muricata and Sterculia africana).</p> Nora Mohammed Al-Saqaf Mohammed Othman Saad Saeed Al-Hawshabi Copyright (c) 2022 Nora Mohammed Al-Saqaf Mohammed, Othman Saad Saeed Al-Hawshabi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-31 2022-03-31 3 1 20 27 10.47372/ejua-ba.2022.1.140 THE EFFECT OF RAMADAN FASTING AND LIFESTYLE ON DIABETIC PATIENTS IN YEMEN ENVIRONMENT https://ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/141 <p style="text-align: justify;">During Ramadan, Muslims who are ill or have health conditions that may deteriorate upon fasting, including patients with diabetes, are exempt. During the Ramadan fast, it is essentially a radical change in lifestyle for the period of 1 lunar month that may affect diabetic and cardiac patients. So, this study, was carried out during the period of April 2021 to May 2021(Ramadan month) in Taiz city on 64 already diagnosed diabetic patients. During fasting (stage 1), at fasting breaking (stage 2), and after 2 hours (stage 3), blood glucose level was measured by an automated analyzer. The body mass index (BMI) was calculated as BMI: weight (Kg) / height (m)<sup>2</sup>= (w/h<sup>2</sup>).<br>Results showed statistical significant effects of test times on blood glucose level. No statistically significant effect of sex on blood glucose level with test time was recorded. The effects of age and treatment type on blood glucose level in Ramadan were observed (P=0.003, 0.042 respectively). Blood glucose levels of individuals with diabetes duration larger than 15 years have higher blood glucose levels at stages 1 and 2 (Odds ratio= 2 and 1.4 respectively). The major of the participants were healthy weight and overweight (37.5 % and 31.3 % respectively). A higher proportion of male participants was overweight (37.5%) with BMI-mean 28.08 Kg/m<sup>2</sup> and healthy weight (35%) with BMI-mean 23.23 Kg/m<sup>2</sup>. The correlation between BMI and residual blood glucose level was statistically significant (p&lt;0.001) in stages 1, 2, and 3. <br>There were no statistically significant relationships between BMI and blood glucose level, these findings agree with other authors. On the other hand, RMA-regression analysis and Pearson correlation emphasized the correlation between BMI and residual blood glucose level in stages 1, 2, and 3. From current study, perhaps concludes that the variations in blood glucose levels may be mainly due to lifestyle modification (diet, physical activity, and sleeping hours) during Ramadan month. So, the results of our study and the other kinds of literature indicate that fasting in Ramadan is safe for the majority of patients with diabetes management.</p> Yaser H. A. Obady F. A. A. Alabssi Ola A. A. Alareeqi A. AM. I. Al-Turki B. M. Hamid S. M. Al-Faqih Copyright (c) 2022 Yaser H. A. Obady, F. A. A. Alabssi, Ola A. A. Alareeqi, A. AM. I. Al-Turki, B. M. Hamid, S. M. Al-Faqih https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-31 2022-03-31 3 1 28 36 10.47372/ejua-ba.2022.1.141 ADVERSE EFFECTS OF DICLOFENAC SODIUM ON KIDNEYS IN ADULT VOLUNTEERS https://ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/143 <p style="text-align: justify;">The use of diclofenac sodium is a major concern in terms of renal function, patients were not given attention despite the clinical importance. This study aims to evaluate the prescribed doses (50mg/day) of diclofenac sodium by doctors for patients in the orthopedic unit.<br>This study was conducted on 36 volunteers, male and female, who were randomly selected from the orthopedic out-patient department and were divided into two groups (two treatments). The first group (18 volunteers) received diclofenac sodium 50 mg and the second group did not receive any medicine (control). The age of volunteers in this study ranged between 20 years to 59 years, both male and female, from September 2020 to September 2021.<br>The main indicators to detect toxic effects of diclofenac sodium on kidney function were urea, uric acid, and creatinine. The urea level in this study was 27mg/dL in the first group and 25mg/dL in the control. Uric acid was 4.12mg/dL in the first treatment and 4.04mg/dL in control and Creatinine level was 0.55mg/dL and control treatment was 0.48mg/dL .All these values collected from the study are within the normal range and cause no pathological or renal disorder.</p> Ahmed Othman Hassen Zokari Copyright (c) 2022 Ahmed Othman Hassen Zokari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-31 2022-03-31 3 1 37 40 10.47372/ejua-ba.2022.1.143 STUDY OF SOME ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN PLASTIC TOYS AVAILABLE IN ADEN-YEMEN https://ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/144 <p style="text-align: justify;">The current study focused on the detection and determination of some organic compounds that may be found in plastic toys available in Aden. The measurement process was done by a gas chromatography technique linked with a mass spectrometer. The descriptive analysis of organic compounds in studied samples showed the presence of Di-n-octyl Phthalate (DnOP) in one sample only and the concentration was with preassemble level. Other organic compounds were detected too in plastic toys.</p> Adel A. M. Saeed Sami Z. M. Saeed Ahmed M. H. Saeedan Copyright (c) 2022 Adel A. M. Saeed, Sami Z. M. Saeed, Ahmed M. H. Saeedan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-31 2022-03-31 3 1 41 47 10.47372/ejua-ba.2022.1.144