Electronic Journal of University of Aden for Humanity and Social Sciences 2020-10-14T17:06:58+00:00 Prof. Dr. Khaled Saeed Alsweedi Open Journal Systems TEACHING CHAOS THEORY FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL GRADE STUDENTS FROM OF MATHEMATICS TEACHERS' POINT OF VIEW 2020-10-14T17:06:58+00:00 Suaad Ali Mohammed AL-Galal <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to know the importance of teaching chaos theory for secondary school grade students from of mathematics teachers’ point of view. The study was limited to a sample of (20) mathematics teachers in Aden Governorate, For the academic year 2019-2020. Where the researcher prepared a proposed unit in Chaos Theory, and she used the descriptive approach. The researcher used the questionnaire as a tool to gather the data and to know the importance and suitable unit for secondary school grade students. To test the indication of differences, a test (Chi-Square Test) (X<sup>2</sup>) is used through the (SPSS) statistics program. The researcher reached the following results: The important of teaching chaos theory for secondary school grade students from mathematics teachers’ view. The suitability of the proposed unit in chaos theory for teaching secondary school grade students in terms of (objectives, content, evaluation).</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">And in the light of that, the researcher made a number of recommendations: The benefit of the proposed unit in Chaos Theory to introduce new mathematical topics in mathematics curricula at the secondary education, and into the teacher preparation programs to help them learn about chaos theory and its applications in life. Introducing topics based on some other chaotic phenomena such as the movement of the heartbeat in the field of medicine, or the movement of the solar system's planets in the field of space, and coding in the field of computers, in the content of mathematics curricula at the secondary education. And Conducting more educational studies on the introduction of new mathematical topics in chaos theory for primary education which depend on some concepts suitable for this stage.</p> 2020-10-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Suaad Ali Mohammed AL-Galal PROTECTION OF CIVILIANS DURING INTERNATIONAL ARMED CONFLICTS IN INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW AND DIVINE LAWS A COMPARATIVE STUDY 2020-10-14T17:06:56+00:00 Etesam Alabd Saleeh Alwheebe <p style="text-align: justify;">This study to show the protection of civilians during international armed conflicts in both international humanitarian law and divine laws, and to emphasize that the idea of ​​humanitarian law is found in the divine laws, in particular Islamic law, and also emphasized the extent to which the rules of international humanitarian law are affected by basic principles and general, humanitarian, ethical and moral principles Islamic law, and the confluence of international humanitarian law with Islamic law in protecting civilians. The study also showed that Islamic jurisprudence affirmed clearly and unambiguously, that all hostilities must be restricted to the battlefield against enemy combatants alone and the prohibition against deliberately targeting civilians and non-combatants during the course of combat operations. Thus, Islamic law applied the rules of international humanitarian law for many centuries, and addressed the Muslim community in all its categories, and obligated them to worldly and other punishment before being addressed by international law fourteen centuries ago. It forbade fighting those who did not fight, as well as not fighting those who laid down arms, killing monks and clerics, destroying silos and selling, and preventing vandalism in all its forms.</p> 2020-10-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Etesam Alabd Saleeh Alwheebe THE AVAILABILITY OF COGNITIVE SKILLS IN THE REQUEST OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AT FACULTY OF EDUCATION RADFAN 2020-10-14T17:06:53+00:00 Adel Al-Mas Nasser Al-shaybah <p style="text-align: justify;">The aim of This Study was to reveal the level of metacognitive thinking amongst students of mathematics at faculty of education, Radfan-University of Aden and its relation to both achievement and the level of education and sex. The sample of the study consisted of (56) students: (28) males and (28) females, distributed over the four years of the Bacherlor of science. The researchers used the descriptive method for appropriating the research. To achieve the aim of the study. the researchers have arranged meta cognitive thinking scale. The results of the study revealed that metacognitive was average. And that there is a relationship of correlation statistical significance between the level of metacognitive thinking and achievement, The main recommendations:<br>- Attending of arising the level of metacognive with Faculty of Education Radfan students.<br>- Increasing academic knowledge level for students and joining it with different thinking skills.</p> 2020-10-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Adel Al-Mas, Nasser Al-shaybah THE LEBANESE HEALTH INSTITUTIONS AND GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE MEDIA OUTLETS REPORTED ON THE CORONA CRISIS ON THEIR FACEBOOK PAGES 2020-10-14T17:06:52+00:00 Ahmed Musaed Ahmed Al-Gahdari <p style="text-align: justify;">This study seeks to show the role of health institutions in the media, and the Lebanese governmental and private media as a model for Arab media, in dealing with health crises (Corona), and its readiness in facing these crises and fighting rumors that cause fear among members of society, in light of the spread of the epidemic through social media platforms with Low level of cultural awareness among users of modern media networks.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The study used the descriptive and analytical approach. In order to obtain the required results, a questionnaire was adopted as a tool to gather the needed data which included news and reports of a number of Lebanese health and media institutions on the outbreak of the Covid-19 epidemic. This&nbsp; study reached many results, and the most important are presents bellow:</p> <ol style="text-align: justify;"> <li class="show">This study revealed a difference in the quantity and quality of news and reports dealt with by private media institutions with Covid-19 news and reports, as the "Lebanon 24" website was unique with a better level of coverage than government health and media institutions, with (1134) publications during the study period, which represents (62.3%). whereas, the number of publications of the three government institutions (Ministry of Health, Hariri Hospital, and the National Information Agency) (686), which represents (37.7%), from the total publications of the study period.</li> <li class="show">The government institutions under study dealt with the crisis positively at its beginning, and then it was marred by neglect, thus that some institutions did not offer any publication concerning the developments of the epidemic for many days.</li> <li class="show">Through comparison of publications on the pages of the three government institutions, the Ministry of Health ranked first in the total number of publications in government institutions.</li> <li class="show">The National Information Agency of Lebanon covered the crisis negatively and did not keep up with its coverage on holidays.</li> </ol> <p style="text-align: justify;">This study figure out many recommendations, and the most important are:</p> <ol style="text-align: justify;"> <li class="show">The Ministry of Information, through its website and pages on social media, should intensify the media coverage, advice and guidance for the Lebanese society more than it is, as it is the first government source in the media.</li> </ol> <p style="text-align: justify;">Hariri Hospital should intensify its indicative coverage and preventive instructions and reassure the community more than other institutions, as it is the largest hospital in terms of equipment and an isolation center.</p> 2020-10-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ahmed Musaed Ahmed Al-Gahdari THE ROLE NATURAL RESOURCES IN DEVELOPING THE AREA BETWEEN ARAQAH AND SHUQURAH, ABYAN GOVERNORATE, YEMEN 2020-10-14T17:06:49+00:00 Mohammed Salem Mohammed Ali Sheikh Ali Lahmer <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to study the natural resources for developing the area that is located on the southern coast of Yemen between Raas shuqurah in Abyan governorate in the west and Raas Araqah in shabwa governorate in the East. The length of this area is about 225kilometre on coastline of Aden Gulf which lies between longitudes 45.30 degree and 47.58 degree east and between latitudes 13.20 degree and 14.21 degree north. Many communities spread at this coastline; the main ones are Shuqurah, Ahwar and Araqah. This area is considered as good place for investment and development because it has many elements that can be exploited like the natural elements which include agricultural activities, fishing and the avaitability of mining resources. In addition, tourism and roads network are other elements that can be exploited. The importance of this study lies in getting the authorities realize the importance of this area and the possibility to carry out investment projects in it.</p> 2020-10-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Mohammed Salem Mohammed, Ali Sheikh Ali Lahmer EVOLVE YEMEN NEWS JOURNALISM FROM THE OLD MEDIA TO THE NEW MEDIA 2020-10-14T17:06:47+00:00 Redouane Boudjema Mohammed Gamal Awed Nasser <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to understand the development of media work in Yemen in its relationship to the political, economic and security transformations experienced, as well as to identify the relationship of the Yemeni browser to political crises and their developments from 2003 to 2017, which is the period for the beginning of the shift towards digital journalism and the spread in various classifications. An attempt to reveal the relationship between Yemeni news websites with official and unofficial institutions, whether political, security or economic. The press industry in Yemen is witnessing a fundamental and growing transformation day after day in conjunction with the spread of news sites on the Internet. The number of printed newspaper’s readers had decreased with the cost of internet connection, as well as the increase in printing newspapers’ cost, which causes financial crises from time to time in press institutions.</p> 2020-10-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Redouane Boudjema, Mohammed Gamal Awed Nasser THE LEGAL COMMANDMENT BETWEEN THE ROOTING JURISPRUDENCE AND THE POSITION OF YEMENI LAW "A COMPARATIVE INDUCTIVE STUDY" 2020-10-14T17:06:45+00:00 Salah Salem Salah Ben Rasheed <p style="text-align: justify;">This research deals with an important issue of jurisprudence and the law, which is the legal commandment for the grandchildren whose father died during the life of their grandfather or grandmother. This commandment combines the old rooting in terms of its jurisprudential doctrinal origin, and the modern jurisprudence in terms of the Yemeni law issuing modern judgments based on its ancient origin. The research is divided into three sections, the first one presents the true perception of the legal commandment by stating its concept and the optional commandment comparing them to introduce the second section, which comes in the statement of explaining the rooting jurisprudence of&nbsp; the legal commandment in light of the doctrines of jurisprudence. Then the third section clarifies the position of the Yemeni law from the legal commandment and its commitment to this rooting jurisprudence. The research concludes with a set of findings and recommendations.</p> 2020-10-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Salah Salem Salah Ben Rasheed INTEGERATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT FOR TAIZ BASIN 2020-10-14T17:06:43+00:00 Hasson A. Hanbala <p style="text-align: justify;">The Integrated Water Resources Management of the Taiz Basin represents a set of integrated technical and regulatory policies as well as procedures aimed in making the best use of water resources to achieve sustainability for future generations. This takes place through institutional structures that include technical and administrative elements specialized in water planning and are eligible to develop programs in order to protect all surface and groundwater waters securing the economic and social objective of water resources protection. As a result of the critical conditions of water resources at the basin level in term of their limited and deteriorating quality, the importance of dealing with resources and managing them as well as developing a strategy that addresses all the factors influencing these resources in an integrated manner. The water scarcity is only one of the main elements of the problem in the research area. The rest of the elements are related to how to regulate the relationship between the beneficiaries of water, so as to achieve the interest of all and increases the ability of water resources to cope with different variables in order to exploit them and thus continue for the longest possible period of time.</p> 2020-10-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Hasan Hanbala SUBAIHI DIALECT EXISTING IN PRE ISLAMIC POETRY 2020-10-14T17:06:41+00:00 Nora Ali Yslam Sahran <p style="text-align: justify;">Within my reading for divan of pre-Islamic poetry, I found similar lexical and semantical utterances between it and Subaihi tribes dialect that is one of Yemeni tribes. So I prefer to do this study to explain to the receptor about the scope of relation between the dialect of those tribes and the Arabic language, specifically when I know that a lot of modern linguistic studies avoid Yemeni dialect as it is not Arabic. Abu Amr Ibin Alalaa cited "Hemiar, dialect and far distances in Yemen nowadays not like our tongue and Arabic race, ignoring that many literature poets within pre-Islamic era from Yemeni origins .Then I try to show its meaning in local dialect and compare it with lexical meanings and its interpretation in Lesan Alarab dictionary and divans explanations , also show how it is fit or different with those explanations and interpretations After scanning pre Islamic poetry and tracing the features of Subaihi dialect in it . I meant to elicit the taken words in our life today among Alsubaiha&nbsp; tribes individual.</p> 2020-10-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Nora Ali Yslam Sahran