A STUDY ON THE DEFLUORIDATION FROM WATER BY USING LOCAL LIMESTONE
Keywords:Fluoride removal of water, Local limestone, Phosphoric acid, Lahj, Yemen
Removal of excess fluoride [F-] from the water has been attempted by several authors by using different materials both natural and artificial. The main aim of this study was to the fluoride removal by using the local limestone adopting column method. The use of limestone obtained from the National Company of Cement (NCC) at Wadi Saim deposit and Wadi Nakhleen deposit, in Lahj Governorate, Yemen. X-ray spectroscopy analyses revealed that that limestone are classified as high and very high pure limestone, respectively. Local limestone has fluoride removal abilities by phosphoric acid (PA)- local crushed Limestone treatment (PACLT), with the treated water conforming to WHO guidelines for Fluoride in drinking water. Fluoride removal and pH of treated water attained stability within 3ℎ for defluoridation from 10 mg/L [F-], to 0.20 mg/L with 0.68 mM [PA]. The results may be useful for suitability of local limestone for fluoride removal from drinking water.