• Wedad M. Al-Haik Dept. of Biology, Faculty of Science, Hadhramout University, Yemen
  • Ahmed M. Al-Haddad Dept. of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hadhramout University, Yemen
  • Wadhah H. Edrees Dept. of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Hajjah University, Yemen.
  • Ali G. Al-Kaf Dept. of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Sana’a University, Yemen
  • Ahmed M. Abdulkareem Microbiology/Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Sana’a University, Yemen



Bacteria, Conjunctivitis, Hadhramout, Yemen


Bacterial conjunctivitis is one of the most commonly encountered eye complications in medicine, particularly in developing nations. In Hadhramout Governorate-Yemen, there is no data about bacterial conjunctivitis among patients.  The present study aimed to determine the prevalence rate of bacterial conjunctivitis among patients seeking hospitals in Hadhramout Governorate, Yemen.  A total of 1722 eye swabs were collected from patients attending different Hadhramout hospitals over a period of April to December 2018. The isolation and identification of bacteria are performed using standard bacteriological procedures. In addition, structured questionnaires were used to gather data from patients. Out of 1722 eye swabs, 198 (11.49%) were positive for bacterial conjunctivitis, while 1524 (88.5%) were negative. The high prevalence rate of infection was among female participants and the age group between 31 and 40 years, at 15.25% and 29.29%, respectively. In addition, the prevalence of gram-positive bacteria was significantly greater among study patients than gram-negative bacteria (58.59% vs. 41.41%). The most predominant Gram-positive bacteria were Staphylococcus aureus (26.26%), followed by Streptococci pneumoniae (17.18%), Alpha-hemolytic Streptococci (8.08%), and Staphylococcus epidermidis (7.07%). Whereas the gram-negative bacteria were Pseudomonas aeruginosa (12.1%), followed by Moraxella catarrhalis (10.1%), Haemophilus influenza (7.07%), Klebsiella sp. (6.06%), Enterobacter agglomerans (4.04%), and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (2.02%). Additionally, the majority of study patients suffered from red eyes (100%), tearing eyes (93.93%), itching (90.9%), painful eyes (87.87%), purulent eyes (56.56%), and eye discharge (38.38%). The prevalence rate of bacterial conjunctivitis among patients in Hadhramout, Yemen, is relatively low compared with international investigations. Further investigation is required to assess and identify the antibiotic resistance to these agents that cause conjunctivitis.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Wadhah H. Edrees, Dept. of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Hajjah University, Yemen.

Dept. of Medical Laboratory, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Al-Razi University, Yemen.
Dept. of Yemen Foundation for Research and Health, Yemen.




How to Cite

Al-Haik, W. M., Al-Haddad, A. M., Edrees, W. H., Al-Kaf, A. G., & Abdulkareem, A. M. (2023). BACTERIAL CONJUNCTIVITIS IN HADHRAMOUT GOVERNORATE-YEMEN. Electronic Journal of University of Aden for Basic and Applied Sciences, 4(4), 338–346.