CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY ON THE PREVALENCE OF INTESTINAL PARASITIC INFECTIONS AMONG DISPLACED PERSONS IN YEMEN

  • Nazeh Al-Abd Dept. of Para-Clinic, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Aden University, Aden, Yemen.
  • Talal Alharazi Dept. of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Taiz University, Taiz, Yemen.
  • Omar A. A. Bamaga Dept. of Fundamental Medical Sciences, Faculty of Nursing, Hadhramout University, Hadramout, Yemen.

Abstract

Background: Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) are considered major health concerns in developing countries especially among economically disadvantaged communities. Currently, there is a lack of information on the prevalence of IPIs among internally displaced persons in Yemen.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of IPIs among internally displaced person in Saber camp, Lahaj governorate, Yemen during May- November 2019.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among internally displaced person from the Saber camp.  samples of fresh stool were collected from the participants and examined by wet mount and formal-ether fecal concentration technique. Data were processed using the Statistical Package of Social Science (SPSS), version 25.0. The significant level set was p-value <0.05.

Results: The study involved a sample of 350 participants. Overall, the study found that 156 (44.6%) of the participants were infected with at least one intestinal parasite. The most predominant parasite determined in this study was Entamoeba histolytica/dispar (24.6%) followed by Giardia lamblia (19.7%), Hymenolepis nana 7.1%, Enterobius vermicularis 0.90%, and Strongyloides.stercoralis 0.30%. The prevalence rate of parasitic infection in males was 55 (45.8%), whereas females were 101 (43.9 %). The association between intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) and gender was found statistically insignificant (χ² = 0.118, P = 0.732, df = 1). The finding of the study showed that the prevalence rate was significantly different based on the age of respondents (χ² = 12.10 P = 0.033, df = 5) with the highest prevalence in the age group 1-9 years was 45.5%, where the lowest was 5.8 % in groups of respondents age between 40 to49 years.

Conclusion: This study reveals an alarmingly high prevalence of IPIs (44.6 %) on IPIs infection among internally displaced person in Saber camp in Lahaj governorate, Yemen. Hence, there is a great need for improvement of sanitation and proper health education is required to reduce intestinal parasitic infection.

Keywords: Intestinal parasite, Internally displaced person, Saber camp.

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Author Biographies

Nazeh Al-Abd, Dept. of Para-Clinic, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Aden University, Aden, Yemen.

Dept. of Health Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Science and Technology, Aden, Yemen.

Talal Alharazi, Dept. of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Taiz University, Taiz, Yemen.

Dept. of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Hail, Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Published
2021-03-31
How to Cite
Al-Abd, N., Alharazi, T., & Bamaga, O. A. A. (2021). CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY ON THE PREVALENCE OF INTESTINAL PARASITIC INFECTIONS AMONG DISPLACED PERSONS IN YEMEN. Electronic Journal of University of Aden for Basic and Applied Sciences, 2(1), 39-48. https://doi.org/10.47372/ejua-ba.2021.1.88