MANUAL VACUUM ASPIRATION VERSUS DILTATION AND CURETTGE TERMINATION OF FIRST TRIMESTER ABORTION AMONG WOMEN ADMITTED AL-SADAQA TEATCHING HOSPITAL, ADEN JAN1st DECEMBER 31st 2020
Keywords:Early pregnancy failure, EaManual vacuum aspiration, Dilatation and curettage
Early pregnancy failure is a medical complication and major health problem across the globe. The aim of this study is to compare manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) and dilatation and curettage (D&C) for first trimester abortion, in terms of the efficiency of eliminating retain product of conceptus, frequency of complications, duration of the procedure, and duration of patients' hospitalization. This is a prospective comparative descriptive study performed at Al-Sadaqa Teaching Hospital. Over a period from 1st Jan 2020 to 31st December 2020, a total of 143 women, these patients either MVA group (n=72) or D&C group (n=71). Presented with spontaneous abortion and gestational age less than 12 weeks, patent cervix, and no signs of septic abortion, hemoglobin ≥9 g/dl and no bleeding disorder. Data was collected on prescribed questionnaire. The total number of abortion 637 in compare to 259 (40.7%) patient with first trimester abortion, 143 patients was included in this study, MVA group (n =72) and D&C group (n=71). The distribution in respect to the age, parity & gestational age was similar in both groups. The mean duration of procedure was significantly higher (P<0.05) in D&C group compared to MVA group. The duration of hospital stay was significantly lower (P<0.05) in MVA group compared to D&C group. MVA group showed the least incidence of complications regarding the amount of blood loss, and cervical laceration. Complete evacuation was achieved in 95.8% in MVA vs. 98.6% in D&C group with no statically significant (P=0.304). MVA is as effective as popular dilatation and curettage for treatment of early pregnancy failure while it need less time consuming, requires a shorter hospital stay and subsequently costs less. It does not require general anesthesia and complication rate is less than dilatation and curettage. So it can be easily accessible to the woman of both rural and urban societies belonging to any socioeconomic strata especially where high tech equipment and power supply are not available.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Rasha Mohammed Ali Al-Daweel, Nahla Saleh Al-Kaaky
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